Socrates Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Studies ISSN: 2757-5519

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Abstract


ÉMILE EUGÈNE JEAN LOUIS COURTET AND ANTHROPOMORPHISM IN EARLY ANIMATED CINEMA

One of the pioneers of animation cinema, Émile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet, known as Emile Cohl, is a creative personality who created different paths within this universe, distinguishing from other pioneers of early animation cinema such as James Stuart Blackton and Winsor McCay. Stickman drawings that move away from photographic reality and the characters with extraordinary abilities in cartoon and animation cinema today, appears as a metaphor perception created by Emile Cohl in animation cinema. The transformation ability of the character such as standing up despite jumping from high places and not getting injured in any way, the phenomenon of death happens without spilling a drop of blood, although it is destroyed, it can be created over and over again, can be cited as an example of this. Emile Cohl's attribution of human characteristics to her characters, objects and animals enabled her to create anthropomorphic characters. "The Man on the Moon" filmed in 1909 proves this with the moon character that stick out tongue at matador. In this context, the aim of the study is to examine the first formation of anthropomorphic characters in animation cinema and the characters that Emile Cohl created to within the limitations of anthropomorphism. In this study, in which literature review was used as a method, it was tried to explain the innovations and contributions Cohl brought to the animation cinema, the pioneers of the early period animation cinema, and the inclusion of anthropomorphism in animation cinema.



Keywords
Anthropomorphism, Emile Cohl, Character Design, Early Animation



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